黑洞币-Black Hole Coin (BHC) 最新价格-行情走势图-币值分析

原创 yibiyibs  2018-02-24 15:49:21  阅读 75 次 评论 0 条
摘要:

black hole coin(bhc)是一种通过使用零币协议(zerocoin protocol)来保障账务隐私的一种加密货币。它是第一种实现了零币协议的加密货币,通过使用零知识证明确保了交易双方的相关地址信息免遭泄露。该币是由欧洲顶级虚拟币开发团队研发,大部分成员为牛津大学及海德堡大学在校研究生及两名中国留学生合作开发。

black hole coin(bhc)是一种通过使用零币协议(zerocoin protocol)来保障账务隐私的一种加密货币。它是第一种实现了零币协议的加密货币,通过使用零知识证明确保了交易双方的相关地址信息免遭泄露。

该币是由欧洲顶级虚拟币开发团队研发,大部分成员为牛津大学及海德堡大学在校研究生及两名中国留学生合作开发。

匿名转账

有了bhc,匿名性得到了显著加强。匿名转账再也不受次数限制,其匿名架构中有“minted coins” 铸币功能。匿名转账容量可达数百万级,足以使以前存在的匿名技术成为古老落后的代表。

技术优势

bhc解决了之前虚拟币碰到的问题。bhc采用零币协议,通过零知识加密学证明实现了完全匿名。零知识证明实现了拥有bhc而无从知晓拥有者身份的目标。bhc通过钱包zerocoin协议,回炉生成bhc再转换跟踪不到的bhc。

24H成交额
¥49,399第899名
≈$7,798
≈0.75BTC
流通量
14,732,845 BHC
总发行量
22,850,000 BHC
流通市值
¥15,093,735第674名
≈$2,382,519
≈229BTC

1.jpg

BHC是什么?
Black Hole Cion(BHC)是一种通过使用零币协议(zerocoin protocol)来保障账务隐私的一种加密货币。它是第一种实现了零币协议的加密货币,通过使用零知识证明确保了交易双方的相关地址信息免遭泄露。
BHC out of time 10 minutes, the total money supplyof 42 million, the output half of the cycle for 4 years.
BHC 出块时间10分钟,总货币供应量4200万枚,产出减半周期为4年。
BHC to remove the founder of the reward, duringwhich 20% of each output is still owned by miners.
BHC去除掉创始人奖励,期间每块产出的20%也还是归矿工所有。
Black Hole Coin -referred to as BHC, Chinese name black hole.
Black Hole Coin—简称BHC,中文名黑洞币.
BHC was developed by the top European virtual coindevelopment team, with most of the members working for Oxford University andHeidelberg University graduate students and two Chinese students. BHCdistribution using all the mining + mining comprehensive mechanism, in ensuringthe development team early development costs on the basis of the lateprotection of miners and investors interests.
BHC是由欧洲顶级虚拟币开发团队研发,大部分成员为牛津大学及海德堡大学在校研究生及两名中国留学生合作开发。 BHC分发采用众筹+挖矿综合机制,在保证开发团队先期开发成本的基础上,后期保障矿工及投资者利益。
BHC total of 42 million yuan, of which 2 millionyuan owned by the development team, 10 million yuan for all chips, income forpublicity, landing trading platform to promote the development of BHC BHC fundaccount and follow-up application development, the remaining 30 million Formining output.
BHC总量4200万币,其中200万币归开发团队所有,1000万币用作众筹 ,所得用于宣传,登陆交易平台,推动BHC发展的BHC基金账户所有及后续应用研发,其余3000万币为挖矿产出。
R & D background
研发背景
Recently, with the global virtual currencymonitoring efforts to increase, especially in the Far East's largest virtualcurrency trading market in China, to Bitcoin and Lai Tai currency as therepresentative of the first generation of coins and the main trading platformhas been incorporated into the Chinese government The Japanese government isalso preparing for the virtual currency legislation. In North America andWestern Europe, the first generation of virtual currency research anddevelopment team, the first and second generation of virtual currency has beencontrary to the concept of centralization, many loyal fans are unable to waitto find a completely avoid the government to monitor the virtual currency. Onthe basis of this background, anonymous virtual currency Dash (Zisha) Zcash(ZEC) and Zcoin (XZC) and other anonymous coins born, a lot of technical coinsare playing anonymous concept, and in the virtual currency investment circlecaused a great sensation, to the original Development team and absenteeism,investors bring excess returns.
近期,随着全球对虚拟货币监控力度的加大,特别是远东地区的最大虚拟币交易市场中国,以比特币及莱特币为代表的等第一代币虚拟币及主要交易平台已经纳入中国政府的监控范围之内,日本政府也在为虚拟币做立法准备。在北美及西欧第一代虚拟币研发团队看来,第一代及第二代虚拟货币已经违背了去中心化的概念,很多忠诚粉丝正在迫不及待寻找一种能完全匿名且安全透明的虚拟货币。在此背景基础上,匿名虚拟币 Dash(达世)Zcash (ZEC)及Zcoin(XZC)等匿名币诞生,很多技术币也在打匿名的概念,并在虚拟币投资圈引起巨大轰动,给原始开发团队及旷工、投资者带来超额回报与发展动力。
R & D reasons
研发原因
With the anonymous coins technology in theascendant, miners and virtual coin enthusiasts are also rushing to thistechnology, but for many virtual coin investors, the current anonymous coinsreally safe, according to the development team's team members revealed thatsome Anonymous coins so far can not query the block chain, even without anencrypted wallet, individual anonymous coins appear black swan event. BHC teamrespect and pay tribute to the previous coveted team developers and theirpredecessors, we in a humble psychological development of anonymous coins, in respectof learning on the basis of more emphasis on improving the mechanism, so thatthe real concept of anonymous.
随着匿名币技术的方兴未艾,矿工及虚拟币爱好者也对这种技术趋之若鹜,可是对于很多虚拟币投资者来说,现今的匿名币真的安全吗,据开发团队的团队成员透露,某些匿名币至今无法查询区块链,甚至没有加密钱包,个别匿名币出现黑天鹅事件。BHC团队尊重并致敬以往匿名币团队开发者及其技术的前辈,我们本着谦卑的心理来开发匿名币,在尊重学习的基础上更加注重改进机制,做到真正的匿名概念。
Black Hole coinAdvantage
Black Hole Cion优势
Bitcoin and subsequentreplacement coins try to enhance privacy anonymity through coin and ringsignature techniques, but there is still a lack of. First, the coin and thesignature node in the malicious or broken members, are breaking the anonymousdefense line breakthrough. Furthermore, anonymous technical architecture is thekey to understanding the degree of privacy of encrypted money. The first twoanonymous solutions are limited by the number of coins and the ring signaturesize. Each coin and ring signatures are limited by the number of transfers,which are then limited by the size of the virtual currency block chain. So theprevious attempt can only guarantee the privacy of hundreds of transfer.
比特币及后续的替代币尝试通过混币和环签名技术提升隐私匿名,但仍然有欠缺。首先,混币节点和签名节点中的恶意或被攻破成员,都是攻破匿名防线的突破口。再者,匿名技术架构,是理解加密货币隐私程度的关键。前两者的匿名解决方案受限于混币次数和环签名大小。每次混币和环签名受限转账次数,其进而被虚拟币块链容量大小所限。因此以前的尝试只能保证几百个转账的隐私性。
With the BHC, the anonymity has been significantlyenhanced. Anonymous transfers are no longer limited, and their anonymousarchitecture has "minted coins" coinage. Anonymous transfer capacityof up to several million, enough to make the existing anonymous technology tobecome an ancient and backward representatives. BHC to solve the problemencountered before the virtual currency. BHC uses the coin agreement, throughthe zero-knowledge encryption to achieve a complete anonymous. Zero knowledgeproves that the goal of owning the BHC without knowing the identity of theowner. BHC through the wallet zerocoin protocol, re-generated BHC and thenconverted to track the BHC.
有了 BHC,匿名性得到了显著加强。匿名转账再也不受次数限制,其匿名架构中有“mintedcoins” 铸币功能。匿名转账容量可达数百万级,足以使以前存在的匿名技术成为古老落后的代表。BHC解决了之前虚拟币碰到的问题。BHC采用零币协议,通过零知识加密学证明实现了完全匿名。零知识证明实现了拥有BHC而无从知晓拥有者身份的目标。BHC通过钱包zerocoin协议,回炉生成BHC再转换跟踪不到的BHC。
Black Hole coin Features
BlackHole Cion特点
Any technology like the BHC may be used for good orbad aspects, but the development team firmly believes that good aspects will bemuch higher than bad aspects, through history, business freedom has proven toprevent war, promote prosperity, Cultural exchange. The BHC is intended tofacilitate the existence of legitimate users who are already aware of the riskof using encrypted currency with a fully transparent public ledger and the riskof disclosing all of its financial details using Bitcoin.
Because there is already a pre-existing mechanismfor such activities, the BHC does not affect the status of such activities, andit provides significant benefits for legitimate users.
任何技术一样,BHC可能被用于好或者坏的方面,然而开发团队坚信好的方面将会远高于坏的方面,纵观历史,商业自由已被证明可防止战争,促进繁荣,并增加跨文化交流。BHC旨在为那些已经意识到使用具有完全透明的公共分类帐的加密货币存在风险,以及利用比特币公开其所有财务细节的风险的合法用户提供便利。
因为已经存在这样的活动的预先存在的机制,BHC不影响这种活动的现状,而它为合法用户提供显著的好处。
Even if there is no BHC, there may be illegaltransactions through the existing financial system. Bitcoin is also faced witha review of the regulatory authorities involved in money laundering. BHC canhelp ensure business freedom. People should be able to trade freely as long asit does not violate the well-being of others or personal freedom. We alsobelieve that business freedom also promotes the peace and prosperity of nationsand cultures. By ensuring financial privacy, BHC can directly guaranteeinterchangeability, which is a basic attribute of free business.
即便没有BHC的出现,通过现有的金融体系也可能存在非法的交易,比特币也面临涉及洗钱而收到监管机构的审查。BHC可以帮助确保商业自由。人们应该能够随意地进行交易,只要它不侵犯他人的福祉或个人自由。我们还相信,商业自由也促进各国和各国文化的和平与繁荣。通过保证金融隐私,BHC可以直接保证可互换性,这是自由商业的一个基本属性。
我们想要做什么(What do we want to do)
We want to promote a completely anonymous and can not track the encryptedcurrency, it is Black Hole Coin - referred to as BHC, Chinese name black hole.It is an encrypted currency that uses zero-pass cryptography to protecttransaction privacy.

我们想推广一款完全匿名和无法跟踪的加密货币,它是Black Hole Coin—简称BHC,中文名黑洞币。它是一款使用零知识密码技术完全保护交易隐私的加密货币。

项目发展和规划风险(Project development and planning risk)
Projectdevelopment: May 7, 2017 landing in China, is the domestic promotion stage.Miners began to enter the mining, May 23 BHC began to start ICO. Since landingin China, in the domestic virtual coins have been a huge response. A justlaunched the technical coins, just less than half a month, digging arithmeticreached the peak 11G, in the known anonymous currency, no one can so quicklyreach such a high power. Which in itself also shows that this technology hasbeen recognized by everyone, the technology has also experienced a lot oftechnology coins circle of repeated scrutiny. BHC total of 42 million, of which12 million pre-excavation, mining 21 million, the remaining 9 million reserveready pos, that is, posing wallet BHC, in order to dig money in the purse, themore money in the purse The increase in age, the more the digging the coins.Pre-dug 12 million BHC, the team has 2 million for the node plan and has beenlocked. The other 10 million BHC for subscription, the proceeds will be usedfor future BHC public relations, on the platform costs and BHC to change themore advanced algorithm required funds, the team did not take a point.
项目发展:2017年5月7日登陆中国,正在国内推广阶段。矿工最开始进入挖矿,5月23日BHC开始启动ICO。登陆中国以来,在国内虚拟币圈得到了巨大的反响。一个刚刚推出的技术币,短短不到半个月间,挖矿算力达到了峰值11G,在已知的匿名币中,没有任何一种能这么快达到这么高的算力。这本身也说明了这个技术币得到了大家的认可,技术上也经受了币圈很多技术大牛的反复推敲验证。BHC总量4200万,其中1200万预挖,挖矿2100万,剩下的900万预留准备pos,即pos钱包里有BHC,才能挖钱包里的币,钱包里币越多,随着币龄的增长,挖的币越多。预挖的1200万BHC中,团队有200万用于节点计划并一直锁仓。另外的1000万BHC用于认购,所得费用,将全部用于将来BHC的公关,上平台费用及BHC更改更先进算法所需资金,团队一分不取。
Planning risk: Encrypted money is anearly and high-risk industry, investing and participating, need to be cautiousand cautious, be careful and careful! As the nature of the currency book, theremay be some attacks, timing attacks, such as force attack. However, these canbe prevented and avoided, as long as the "coin coin" and "coinagreement spending" between a little longer, you can prevent timingattacks. And the team after the follow-up workload verification mechanismalgorithm to the team in 2013 original GKS algorithm, this algorithm for theasymmetric encryption algorithm (also known as public key encryptionalgorithm), can resist GPU, FPGA, ASIC mine, to prevent 51% Attack, to ensurethat the encrypted digital currency circulation algorithm is more secure. Andthe wallet increases to the center of the main node masternode reward system,further expand the optimization of anonymous transmission function, improve thereal anonymous trading method.
规划风险:加密货币是一个早期并且高风险的行业,投资和参与,需要谨慎再谨慎,小心再小心!由于币本书性质,有可能会遭遇一些攻击,时序攻击,算力攻击等。但是,这些都可以防范和避免,只要在“零币协议铸币”和“零币协议花销”之间等稍微长时间,即可防止时序攻击。并且团队之后后续工作量证明机制算法改为团队于2013年原创的GKS算法,此算法为非对称加密算法(也叫公开密钥加密算法),可以抵御GPU,FPGA,ASIC矿机,防止51%攻击,保证加密数字货币流通算法更安全。并且钱包增加去中心化的主节点masternode奖励系统,进一步扩展优化匿名传输功能,完善真正匿名的交易方法。
为什么需要你的支持(Why need your support)?
Features:1, Black Hole Cion (BHC) is through the use of coin agreement (zerocoinprotocol) to protect the privacy of an encrypted currency. It is the first toachieve the coin agreement of the encrypted currency, through the use of zeroknowledge to ensure that the relevant information on both sides of thetransaction from leakage.
特色1、Black Hole Cion(BHC)是一种通过使用零币协议(zerocoinprotocol)来保障账务隐私的一种加密货币。它是第一种实现了零币协议的加密货币,通过使用零知识证明确保了交易双方的相关地址信息免遭泄露。
2. With the BHC, the anonymity has been significantly strengthened.Anonymous transfers are no longer limited, and their anonymous architecture has"minted coins" coinage. Anonymous transfer capacity of up to severalmillion, enough to make the existing anonymous technology to become an ancientand backward representatives. BHC to solve the problem encountered before thevirtual currency. BHC uses the coin agreement, through the zero-knowledgeencryption to achieve a complete anonymous. Zero knowledge proves that the goalof owning the BHC without knowing the identity of the owner. BHC through thewallet zerocoin protocol, the furnace generated BHC
2.有了 BHC,匿名性得到了显著加强。匿名转账再也不受次数限制,其匿名架构中有“mintedcoins” 铸币功能。匿名转账容量可达数百万级,足以使以前存在的匿名技术成为古老落后的代表。BHC解决了之前虚拟币碰到的问题。BHC采用零币协议,通过零知识加密学证明实现了完全匿名。零知识证明实现了拥有BHC而无从知晓拥有者身份的目标。BHC通过钱包zerocoin协议,回炉生成BHC再转换跟踪不到的BHC。
3. Compared to Dash, Monero and Zcash, black hole(BHC) is indeed the preferred solution for current anonymous transactions. Weare also deeply aware that the anonymous implementation of black dongles hasmany advantages over other encrypted currencies, such as expansibility,audibility, anonymous setting and usability.
3. 相比于Dash、Monero和Zcash,黑洞币(BHC)确实是当前匿名交易的首选方案。我们也深深感觉到,黑洞币的匿名实施方案相比于其他加密货币还是有不少优势的,比如在扩展性、可审计性、匿名设置及使用性方。
4. Compared to Zcoin, the Zcoin team and its investors will receive 20%of the proceeds from mining, for a total of 2.1 million, four years before thefirst half. BHC to remove the founder of the reward, during which 20% of eachoutput is still owned by miners.
4.相比于Zcoin, 在第一次减半前的四年时间里, Zcoin团队和其投资人会获得挖矿所得收益的20% ,总数是 210 万枚。BHC去除掉创始人奖励,期间每块产出的20%也还是归矿工所有。
Capital use: 10 million BHC for subscription, the proceeds will be usedfor future BHC public relations, on the platform costs and BHC to change themore advanced algorithm required funds, the team did not take a point.
资金用途:1000万BHC用于认购,所得费用,将全部用于将来BHC的公关,上平台费用及BHC更改更先进算法所需资金,团队一分不取。
The reason for the support: now the entireencrypted money area is really bustling, but only a few of them are substantialinnovation, rather than simply cloning other encrypted currencies. We believethat only the original innovation and continuous development of the encryptedcurrency can survive, with the conservative competition in the influence ofcurrency continued to decline and to support more innovative projectdevelopment, we have witnessed the occurrence of all this. With the support ofeveryone, with a substantial innovation in the currency can be betterdevelopment, encryption money industry can be better to flourish, diversifieddevelopment, not just a few encrypted currency dominate the majority of themarket.
支持的理由:现在整个加密货币领域确实熙熙攘攘,但是其中仅仅是较少数是有实质性创新的,而不是仅仅简单的克隆其他加密货币。我们相信最终仅仅有原创新创新及持续开发的加密货币才能够生存下来,随着保守派竞争币的影响力持续衰退并转向支持更有创新的项目开发,我们已经在目睹这一切的发生。有了大家的支持,具有实质性创新的币才能更好的发展,加密货币行业才能更好的蓬勃发展,多元化发展,而不仅只是某几个加密货币主导大部分市场。
我们的承诺与回报(Our commitment and return):
Participate in the ICO players, is out of the trust of the team, the teamsuccessfully completed all the chips, will give a certain reward, specificincentives (development team to write). Suggestions: you can get some of thecoins from the coins to get feedback, then encounter problems, participate inthe ICO players, the team priority to solve.
参与ICO的支持者,是出于对团队的信任。团队踏实做事,不会用以往的币圈潜规则(讲故事画大饼)圈钱跑路欺骗诸位投资者,爱好者。团队成功众筹之后,将同时开启BHC社区,构建BHC自己的生态圈,在这个生态圈中,社区通过不定期沙龙活动,在里面所有的玩家都可以通过发表文章参与活动得到奖励。最后还是那句话,我们要做长做久,百年老店才是王道。长久稳定有发展的BHC才是对支持者最好的回报。
BlackHole Cion Big event
Black Hole Cion大事件
In the past, the anonymous coinscreated a new era of virtual coins, but what was the original intention ofdeveloping anonymous coins, investment? Hype? We are in the virtual currency onthe road to meditate on the road, the most fundamental purpose is circulation.An anonymous coin is first of all its technological innovation, and the mostimportant reason is its liquidity. In the early stages of development, our teamhas individual team members to use its scarcity to speculation, but we finallygive up the idea, individual members and investors also withdrew from the team,so that the progress of lagging behind, but we did not forget the beginning,Down. Would rather give up the immediate interests, but also to be perfect.Special thanks to the two Chinese and Australian students during the strongsupport of funds, because they require confidentiality, do not do a detaileddescription here.
以往出现的匿名币开创了虚拟币的新时代,可是我们开发匿名币的初衷是什么,爱好?投资?炒作?我们在虚拟币走过的道路上静心思考,最根本的目的就是流通。一个匿名币首先是它的技术创新性,还有最重要的原因,就是它的流通性。在开发前期,我们团队有个别团队成员利用它的稀缺性来进行炒作,可是我们最终放弃这个想法,个别成员及投资人因此也退出了团队,使进度大大滞后,可是我们不忘初心,最终坚持下来。宁可放弃眼前利益,也要做到完美。期间特别感谢2个中国及澳大利亚留学生资金的大力支持,由于他们要求必须保密,这里不做详细介绍。
BHC’s other Innovations and what’s on the Roadmap
黑洞币的其他技术创新及开发路线图
Algorithmto ensure security
算法保证安全性
BHC current workload verificationmechanism using the Lehman co-scrypt algorithm, the follow-up workloadverification mechanism algorithm to the team in 2013 original GKS algorithm,this algorithm for the asymmetric encryption algorithm (also known as publickey encryption algorithm), can resist the GPU, FPGA, ASIC mine, to prevent 51%attack, to ensure that encrypted digital currency circulation algorithm moresecure.
BHC 目前工作量证明机制采用莱特币scrypt算法,后续工作量证明机制算法改为团队于2013年原创的GKS算法,此算法为非对称加密算法(也叫公开密钥加密算法),可以抵御GPU,FPGA,ASIC矿机,防止51%攻击,保证加密数字货币流通算法更安全。
Why scrypt algorithm
为什么使用 scrypt算法
Zcoin is use lyra2Z algorithm and many other zcoinfork like Kurrent and hexxcoin are use X11 algorithm as proof of work.Butanother many GPU and ASIC miners want to mine altcoin with scryptalgorithm.Like Litecoin,scrypt is used by many altcoins and proven to be verystable and easy for miner.
Zcoin 使用lyra2z算法,其他zcoin分支 Kurrent和hexxcoin则使用X11算法证明的工作。但另一方面,GPU和ASIC矿工有着更多的scrypt算力。和Litecoin一样,许多数字币使用scrypt算法,这样使得挖矿更容易。
Why BHC and not Zerocash
为何选择黑洞币而不是ZCASH
For technical advantages
Zcash can hide the transfer amount, butthe BHC does not have this feature. So relative to the BHC, Zcash is notvulnerable to timing attacks (side channel attacks), but also Zcash there maybe undetectable infinite inflation issue issue.
技术优势
Zcash可以隐藏转账金额,但BHC并没有这种功能。因此相对BHC,Zcash不容易遭到时序攻击(边信道攻击),但也因此Zcash有可能存在无法检测到的无限通胀币量发行问题。
There are two major steps in the coinagreement: the first step: "coin", "Public coin" (opencoins, no privacy attributes) into a data structure called the accumulator. TheAccumulator Collector answers questions about whether a candidate is a member,without revealing membership. The second part is the "zero currencyagreement spending" stage, the user can achieve zero knowledge to provethat someone in the accumulator with the currency without having to tell whichcurrency. With the zero proof of the "coin agreement spending" proof,you can produce a completely no historical transaction record of the new BHC.
零币协议有两大步骤:第一步:“零币协议铸币”阶段,“Public coin”(公开币,没有隐私属性)进入一个叫做 accumulator(收集器)的数据结构中。Accumulator收集器回答关于候选者是否为成员的请求,而不揭示成员身份。第二部为“零币协议花销”阶段,该阶段使用者可以实现零知识证明,显示某人在accumulator中拥有币而无需告知拥有哪个币。有了零知识证明的“零币协议花销”证明,就可以产生一个完全没有历史交易记录的新BHC。
Because each BHC in the adoption of"zero currency agreement to spend" to achieve anonymous before theneed to implement the "coin coin", by analyzing the "coincoin" and "coin agreement spending" between the time to attack.It is possible for the user to carry out the "zero currencyagreement" transfer immediately after the "coin coin" transfer,so assuming that there is such a behavior, the probability is assumed to be a"coin coin" with a specific "zero Currency agreement spending"associated. However, as long as the "coin coin" and "coinagreement spending" between a little longer, you can prevent timingattacks.
因为每个BHC在通过“零币协议花销”实现匿名前,都需要执行“零币协议铸币”, 通过分析“零币协议铸币”与“零币协议花销”间的时序可以进行攻击。使用者有可能在“零币协议铸币”转账之后马上进行“零币协议花销”转账, 因此假设有这种行为,就会产生假定几率,即一个“零币协议铸币”与一个特定“零币协议花销”相关联。但是,只要在“零币协议铸币”和“零币协议花销”之间等稍微长时间,即可防止时序攻击。
Because ZCash hides the number oftransfers, it can be more effective against timing attacks than the BHC. Butalso bring a greater risk:In essence, there is no "scarcity" forZcash, and few have been able to prove it on the basis of the first principleof mathematics / cryptography. Zk-Snark uses extremely complex cryptography.Only a handful of encryption experts can understand the ZK-Snarks principle. Theprinciple of encryption behind the coin protocol has a long time, and the coinprotocol paper is also a frequent visitor of recent years. And most of theencryption academic experts can understand the principle of coin agreement.
因为ZCash隐藏了转账数量,相对于BHC,能够更有效防止时序攻击。但也因此带来一个更大的隐患:本质上,对于Zcash没有“稀缺性”一说,很少有人能够以数学/加密学位第一原则为基础对其进行证明。Zk-Snark使用极度复杂的加密学。只有一小撮加密学学术专家才能理解ZK-Snarks原理。零币协议背后的加密学原理存在时间较长,零币协议论文也是近年加密学学术引用的常客。并且大部分加密学学术专家能够理解零币协议原理。
Zcahs' bug is that someone can printunlimited money, and no one can know. Using this bug, you can infinite moneysupply and manipulate the market. There are many examples of the collapsecaused by changing the money supply. The most typical case is the 2010 value ofthe value of overflow (value overflow) bug, the bug to make the total amount ofBitcoat 90 billion.
Zcahs的bug在于,有人可以无限制印钞,而且无人能知。利用这个bug,可以无限通胀货币供应量,并操纵市场。这种通过改变货币供应量而导致崩盘的例子不少。最典型案例是2010年比特币价值溢出(value overflow)bug,这个bug使比特币总量达到900亿。
August 15, 2010, Bitcoin 74638 block, a184,467,440,737.09551616 bit currency transfer design three addresses. 2addresses received 92.2 billion bits of currency, and find the block of peopleare more than the previous does not exist 0.01 bit currency. According totechnical staff analysis, hackers are through the use of large integer overflowvulnerability, bypassing the system balance check, the successfulimplementation of the attack "
2010年8月15日,比特币74638区块,一个184,467,440,737.09551616个比特币的转账设计三个地址。2个地址分别收到922亿比特币,并且找到这个块的人都多获取了之前不存在的0.01比特币。据技术人员分析,黑客是通过利用大整数溢出漏洞,绕过了系统的平衡检查,成功实现了这次攻击”
In Zcash, this bug is quiet andunobtrusive. If Zcash has a similar bug, then in the case of no one knows, aperson will be able to have 99.9% of the Zcash market value.
The last example of the encryptedcurrency bug is The DAO, brutally hackers worth $ 50 million tokens attack
在Zcash中,这种bug悄无声息而无人察觉。如果Zcash有相似的bug,那么在无人得知的情况下,一个人就能拥有99.9%的Zcash市值。
最近的一例加密货币bug就是The DAO,惨遭黑客对价值5000万美元代币的攻击
In the okTurtle blog, Greg Slepak wrote
However, this situation is more seriousthan the DAO, Zcash code than the DAO complex degree out of several indexlevel, the failure of the index is also a high level of serious. Zcash'scurrent situation is: it is impossible to know whether the attack issuccessful. Unless the saboteurs themselves warn, we can know that Zcash has beenattacked and the boat has gone. The higher the value of Zcash, the higher therisk. There is no retracement at all.
在okTurtle博客中,Greg Slepak写到
然而这种情况比The DAO更严重,Zcash的代码比The DAO复杂程度搞出数个指数级别,其失败结果也是指数级别高的严重。Zcash的现状是:根本不可能知道攻击是否成功。除非破坏者自己发出警告,我们才可能知道Zcash被攻击,木已成舟。Zcash价值越高,危险性越高。根本没有回撤键。
In addition to the original bug, thereis another problem. Because ZK-Snarks high-cold technology, Zerocash for thebottom of the basic principles of cryptography few peer review possible. Butthe BHC did not worry about this. There are few academic experts who understandthe theory of Zcash cryptography. If the temptation of millions of dollars,that is, the most noble academic experts may also cross the moral boundaries.In contrast, BHC even if there are bugs, but also in the sun, everyone can knowthe total did not change.
除了非本意的bug外,还有另外一个问题。因为ZK-Snarks的高冷技术,对于Zerocash的底层加密学原理几无同行评审的可能。但BHC却没有这方面顾虑。能懂Zcash加密学理论的学术专家极少。如果在数百万美元诱惑下,即是最高尚的学术专家也可能跨越道德界限。相比之下,BHC即使有bug,也是在阳光之下,每个人都能知道总量没有发生变化。
On the other hand, the BHC mechanism is weakened bythe risk factor: everyone can see the supply of BHC. But by contrast, if Zcashis broken, no one can detect the circulation of super inflation.
Zcash relies on the assumption that allencryption algorithm parameter generators are not conspiracy to do evil. Aslong as there is a fair not evil, then safe and sound. Otherwise they can beany double flower.
另一方面,BHC的机制被破坏的几率变小的因素:每个人都能看到BHC的供应量。但相比之下,如果Zcash被攻破,超级通胀的发行量无人能察觉。
Zcash依靠的假设条件是,所有加密算法参数生成者都不会合谋作恶。只要有一个公正不作恶者,那么就安然无恙。否则,他们可以任意双花。
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